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Sustenance and livelihoods

First Nations Water Security and Climate Change

This document summarizes the concerns of First Nations people present at two workshops (Vancouver and Toronto) towards the development of a policy report on First Nations water security and climate change, and ACT (Adaptation to Climate Change project) policy report on water and climate change in Canada. The ACT project is a joint initiative created by Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources (CIER), Simon Fraser University, and Bob Sandford, Chair of the Canadian Partnership Initiative of the United Nations International “Water for Life” Decade.

Citation / Reference: 
Available online

Schedule 2 - News Article about Fish Lake

The Federal government has enacted Schedule 2 which allows lakes to be used as tailings ponds, for the mining industry. Since it has been enacted it has allowed already opened mines to continue operating, and it has been common practice for mining companions to use this in their proposals. For instance at Fish Lake in Tsihlqohtin country they are proposing to use a lake as a tailings ponds.

Please read the article.

Indigenous Peoples' Biocultural Climate Change Assessment Initiative

The United Nations Permanent Forum at its Seventh Session of the Permanent Forum held from 21 April to 2 May 2008 recommended that "...the United Nations University – Institute of Advanced Studies, university research centres and relevant United Nations agencies conduct further studies on the impacts of climate change and climate change responses on indigenous peoples who are living in highly fragile ecosystems".

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The following file is a 101 KB pdf document you many need to download Adobe Reader to open the file.

Citation / Reference: 
United Nations University - Informing International Policy on Traditional Knowledge

Indigenous Food and Cultural Values vs. Large Scale Ski Resort Development in the Highest Alpine Mountains of Secwepemcul'ecw (Land of the Shuswap)

For the purpose of promoting social learning and a deeper cross cultural understanding of the current situations, issues and concerns in one of the last remaining sensitive alpine mountain ecosystems in the Southern Interior Plateau of B.C., this presentation will discuss the negative impacts of the Sun Peaks Ski Resort development on culturally important food harvesting sites in an area known to the Secwepemc (Shuswap First Peoples) as Skwelkwekwelt (highest alpine mountains).

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The following file is a 261 KB pdf document you many need to download Adobe Reader to open the file.

Citation / Reference: 
Morrison, D. (n.d.). Indigenous food and cultural values vs. Large scale ski resort development in the highest alpine mountains of Secwepemcul'ecw. Presentation paper prepared for the Amenity Led Migration Conference.

Towards Fishers Participation in the development of a new policy for the South African Small Scale Fishery

With a process of developing a new fishing policy for the small-scale sector ahead of us, we feel that it is the right time to discuss how and at what level fishers are going to participate in the process. Fisheries management science and empirical evidence from participatory management programmes in South Africa and abroad clearly indicate that shared responsibility and participation is a precondition for successful small-scale fisheries management.

Subsistence Fishing in Canada A Position Paper

Subsistence harvesting is the hunting, fishing, and gathering of natural resources to meet the
food, fuel, clothing, and livelihood needs of individuals, households, and communities. The
exchange of subsistence products is embedded within the social relations existing with communities
and can take various forms such as gift, reciprocal exchange, barter, and sale. This position paper focuses on subsistence fisheries in Canada.

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The following file is a 70 KB pdf document you many need to download Adobe Reader to open the file.

Declaration of Indigenous Peoples for Food Sovereignty

Representatives of Indigenous Peoples from the regions of Asia, the Pacific, Latin America, North America, Africa and Northern Europe, gathered at the Global Forum for Peoples’ Food Sovereignty in Rome from the 13th to the 17th of November 2009.

Reaffirming our right to Food sovereignty, which is intrinsically linked to our historical, cultural and spiritual relations with our Mother Earth, our lands and territories,

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The following file is a 97 KB pdf document you many need to download Adobe Reader to open the file.

Culture, Colonization and Policy Making: Issues in Native American Health

To improve health care, education, and prevention, a larger cultural and historical contextual framework is needed which pays heed to the impact of colonization and its effects on Native peoples. Such a holistic framework evaluates the long-term impact of introduced diseases and the cultural trauma caused by the removal of Indians to reservations (Jaimes 1992), the boarding school era (Johansen 2000), and the forced sterilizations of Native women (Carpio 1995; Torpy 1998).

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The following file is a 458 KB pdf document you many need to download Adobe Reader to open the file.

Citation / Reference: 
Olsen, B. (2002). Culture, Colonization and Policy Making: Issues in Native American Health. Paper presentation for the Symposium on Politics of Race, Culture and Health

Asserting Tribal Sovereignty over Cultural Property: Moving Towards Protection of Genetic Material and Indigenous Knowledge

The purpose of this article is to provide, to tribes faced with an era of genetic research, some guidance about how to establish strong protections over their genetic material and Indigenous knowledge. The first section will discuss why genetic material should be protected as cultural property and will briefly examine why tribes need to be concerned about research involving genetic material and Indigenous knowledge, with a particular focus on human genetic research. The second section will examine a variety of examples of human genetic research on Indigenous peoples.

Citation / Reference: 
Harry, D., Kanehe, L. (2006). Asserting Tribal Sovereignty Over Cultural Property: Moving Towards Protection of Genetic Material and Indigenous Knowledge in Seattle Journal for Social Justice - Indigenous Land and Property Rights. 5 Seattle J. for Social Justice 27